1 not permanent; not lasting; "politics is an impermanent factor of life"- James Thurber; "impermanent palm cottages"; "a temperary arrangement"; "temporary housing" [syn: temporary] [ant: permanent]
2 existing or enduring for a limited time only
Impermanence (Sanskrit: अनित्य anitya; Pāli: अनिच्चा anicca; Tibetan: མི་རྟག་པ་ mi rtag pa; Chinese: 無常 wúcháng; Japanese: 無常 mujō; Thai: อนิจจัง anitchang) is one of the essential doctrines or Three marks of existence in Buddhism. The term expresses the Buddhist notion that every conditioned existence, without exception, is inconstant and in flux, even gods.
According to the impermanence doctrine, human life embodies this flux in the aging process, the cycle of birth and rebirth (samsara), and in any experience of loss. The doctrine further asserts that because things are impermanent, attachment to them is futile, and leads to suffering (dukkha). Under the impermanence doctrine, all compounded and constructed things and states are impermanent.
Buddhists hold that the only true end of impermanence is nirvana, the reality that knows no change, decay or death.
Impermanence is intimately associated with the doctrine of anatta, according to which things have no fixed nature, essence, or self.
- "The five aggregates, monks, are anicca, impermanent."
- "All is impermanent. And what is the all that is impermanent? The eye is impermanent, visual objects [ruupaa]... eye-consciousness... eye contact [cakku-samphassa]... whatever is felt [vedayita] as pleasant or unpleasant or neither-unpleasant-nor-pleasant, born of eye-contact is impermanent. [Likewise with the ear, nose, tongue, body, and mind]" (SN 35.43/vol. iv, 28)
- "All formations are impermanent"
- "Whatever is subject to origination [samudaya] is subject to cessation [nirodha]" (MN 56)
Contemporary culture references
impermanent in Czech: Aničča
impermanent in German: Anicca
impermanent in French: Anitya
impermanent in Lithuanian: Laikinumas
impermanent in Marathi: क्षणभंगुर
impermanent in Japanese: 諸行無常
impermanent in Polish: Anicca
impermanent in Portuguese: Anicca
impermanent in Russian: Анитья
impermanent in Thai: อนิจจัง
impermanent in Vietnamese: Vô thường
impermanent in Chinese: 无常
able to adapt, adaptable, adjustable, alterable, alterative, brittle, capricious, changeable, checkered, corruptible, deciduous, dying, ephemeral, evanescent, ever-changing, fading, fickle, fleeting, flexible, flitting, fluid, fly-by-night, flying, fragile, frail, fugacious, fugitive, impetuous, impulsive, inconstant, insubstantial, kaleidoscopic, malleable, many-sided, metamorphic, mobile, modifiable, momentary, mortal, movable, mutable, nondurable, nonpermanent, nonuniform, passing, perishable, permutable, plastic, protean, proteiform, resilient, rubbery, short-lived, supple, temporal, temporary, transient, transitive, transitory, undurable, unenduring, unstable, variable, volatile